Cinzia Soresina (University of Graz, Austria)

Bifurcations in reaction-diffusion systems for competing species: fast-reaction and cross-diffusion

The Shigesada-Kawasaki-Teramoto model (SKT) was proposed to account for stable inhomogeneous steady states exhibiting spatial segregation, which describes a situation of coexistence of two competing species. Even though the reaction part does not present the activator-inhibitor structure, the cross-diffusion terms are the key ingredient for the appearance of spatial patterns. We provide a deeper understanding of the conditions required on both the cross-diffusion and the reaction coefficients for non-homogeneous steady states to exist, by combining a detailed linearised analysis with advanced numerical bifurcation methods via the continuation software pde2path. We report some numerical experiments suggesting that, when cross-diffusion is taken into account, there exist positive and stable non-homogeneous steady states outside of the range of parameters for which the coexistence homogeneous steady state is positive. In 1D and 2D, we pay particular attention to the fast-reaction limit by computing sequences of bifurcation diagrams as the time-scale separation parameter tends to zero. We show that the bifurcation diagram undergoes major deformations once the fast-reaction systems limit onto the cross-diffusion singular limit. Furthermore, in 2D we find evidence for time-periodic solutions by detecting Hopf bifurcations, we characterise several regions of multi-stability and improve our understanding of the shape of patterns.

date: 16 February 2021

time: 15:00

room: online presentation